The Stack vs The Heap
Stack: Continuous area of memory for local variables.
- Values have fixed sizes known at compile time.
- Extremely fast: just move a stack pointer.
- Easy to manage: follows function calls.
- Great memory locality.
Heap: Storage of values outside of function calls.
- Values have dynamic sizes determined at runtime.
- Slightly slower than the stack: some book-keeping needed.
- No guarantee of memory locality.