Class ServletModule

  • All Implemented Interfaces:

    public class ServletModule
    extends AbstractModule
    Configures the servlet scopes and creates bindings for the servlet API objects so you can inject the request, response, session, etc.

    You should subclass this module to register servlets and filters in the configureServlets() method.

    • Constructor Detail

      • ServletModule

        public ServletModule()
    • Method Detail

      • configureServlets

        protected void configureServlets()

        Servlet Mapping EDSL

        Part of the EDSL builder language for configuring servlets and filters with guice-servlet. Think of this as an in-code replacement for web.xml. Filters and servlets are configured here using simple java method calls. Here is a typical example of registering a filter when creating your Guice injector:

           Guice.createInjector(..., new ServletModule() {
             protected void configureServlets() {
        This registers a servlet (subclass of HttpServlet) called MyServlet to service any web pages ending in .html. You can also use a path-style syntax to register servlets:
        Every servlet (or filter) is required to be a singleton. If you cannot annotate the class directly, you should add a separate bind(..).in(Singleton.class) rule elsewhere in your module. Mapping a servlet that is bound under any other scope is an error.

        Dispatch Order

        You are free to register as many servlets and filters as you like this way. They will be compared and dispatched in the order in which the filter methods are called:
           Guice.createInjector(..., new ServletModule() {
             protected void configureServlets() {
               filter("*.jpg").through(new MyJpgFilter());
               // etc..
               serve("*.jpg").with(new MyServlet());
               // etc..
        This will traverse down the list of rules in lexical order. For example, a url " /my/file.js" (after it runs through the matching filters) will first be compared against the servlet mapping:
        And failing that, it will descend to the next servlet mapping:
        Since this rule matches, Guice Servlet will dispatch to MyServlet. These two mapping rules can also be written in more compact form using varargs syntax:
               serve("*.html", "/my/*").with(MyServlet.class);
        This way you can map several URI patterns to the same servlet. A similar syntax is also available for filter mappings.

        Regular Expressions

        You can also map servlets (or filters) to URIs using regular expressions:
        This will map any URI containing the text "ajax" in it to MyAjaxServlet. Such as:

        Initialization Parameters

        Servlets (and filters) allow you to pass in init params using the <init-param> tag in web.xml. You can similarly pass in parameters to Servlets and filters registered in Guice-servlet using a Map of parameter name/value pairs. For example, to initialize MyServlet with two parameters (name="Dhanji", site="") you could write:
          Map<String, String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();
          params.put("name", "Dhanji");
          params.put("site", "");
              serve("/*").with(MyServlet.class, params)

        Binding Keys

        You can also bind keys rather than classes. This lets you hide implementations with package-local visibility and expose them using only a Guice module and an annotation:
              filter("/*").through(Key.get(Filter.class, Fave.class));
        Where Filter.class refers to the Servlet API interface and Fave.class is a custom binding annotation. Elsewhere (in one of your own modules) you can bind this filter's implementation:
        See Binder for more information on binding syntax.

        Multiple Modules

        It is sometimes useful to capture servlet and filter mappings from multiple different modules. This is essential if you want to package and offer drop-in Guice plugins that provide servlet functionality.

        Guice Servlet allows you to register several instances of ServletModule to your injector. The order in which these modules are installed determines the dispatch order of filters and the precedence order of servlets. For example, if you had two servlet modules, RpcModule and WebServiceModule and they each contained a filter that mapped to the same URI pattern, "/*":

        In RpcModule:

        In WebServiceModule:
        Then the order in which these filters are dispatched is determined by the order in which the modules are installed:
           install(new WebServiceModule());
           install(new RpcModule());
        In the case shown above WebServiceFilter will run first.
      • getServletContext

        protected final jakarta.servlet.ServletContext getServletContext()
        This method only works if you are using the GuiceServletContextListener to create your injector. Otherwise, it returns null.
        The current servlet context.