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AppCompat Theme Adapter

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This library is deprecated, and the API is no longer maintained. The original documentation is below.


Recommendation: Use the Material Theme Builder tool, or an alternative design tool, to generate a matching XML and Compose theme implementation for your app. See Migrating XML themes to Compose to learn more.

You can checkout Material Design 3 in Compose to learn more about creating and adding theme to your app using Material Theme Builder.

Original Documentation

A library that enables the reuse of AppCompat XML themes, for theming in Jetpack Compose.

The basis of theming in Jetpack Compose is the MaterialTheme composable, where you provide Colors, Shapes and Typography instances containing your styling parameters:

    typography = type,
    colors = colors,
    shapes = shapes
) {
    // Surface, Scaffold, etc
[AppCompat][appcompat] XML themes allow for similar but coarser theming via XML theme attributes, like so:
<style name="Theme.MyApp" parent="Theme.AppCompat.DayNight">
    <item name="colorPrimary">@color/purple_500</item>
    <item name="colorAccent">@color/green_200</item>
This library attempts to bridge the gap between [AppCompat][appcompat] XML themes, and themes in [Jetpack Compose][compose], allowing your composable [`MaterialTheme`][materialtheme] to be based on the `Activity`'s XML theme:
AppCompatTheme {
    // MaterialTheme.colors, MaterialTheme.shapes, MaterialTheme.typography
    // will now contain copies of the context's theme
This is especially handy when you're migrating an existing app, a fragment (or other UI container) at a time. !!! caution If you are using [Material Design Components][mdc] in your app, you should use the [Material Theme Adapter]( or [Material 3 Theme Adapter]( instead, as they allow much finer-grained reading of your theme. ### Customizing the theme The [`AppCompatTheme()`][appcompattheme] function will automatically read the host context's AppCompat theme and pass them to [`MaterialTheme`][materialtheme] on your behalf, but if you want to customize the generated values, you can do so via the [`createAppCompatTheme()`][createappcompattheme] function:
val context = LocalContext.current
var (colors, type) = context.createAppCompatTheme()

// Modify colors or type as required. Then pass them
// through to MaterialTheme...

    colors = colors,
    typography = type
) {
    // rest of layout

Generated theme

Synthesizing a material theme from a Theme.AppCompat theme is not perfect, since Theme.AppCompat does not expose the same level of customization as is available in material theming. Going through the pillars of material theming:


AppCompat has a limited set of top-level color attributes, which means that AppCompatTheme() has to generate/select alternative colors in certain situations. The mapping is currently:

MaterialTheme color AppCompat attribute
primary colorPrimary
primaryVariant colorPrimaryDark
onPrimary Calculated black/white
secondary colorAccent
secondaryVariant colorAccent
onSecondary Calculated black/white
surface Default
onSurface android:textColorPrimary, else calculated black/white
background android:colorBackground
onBackground android:textColorPrimary, else calculated black/white
error colorError
onError Calculated black/white

Where the table says "calculated black/white", this means either black/white, depending on which provides the greatest contrast against the corresponding background color.


AppCompat does not provide any semantic text appearances (such as headline6, body1, etc), and instead relies on text appearances for specific widgets or use cases. As such, the only thing we read from an AppCompat theme is the default app:fontFamily or android:fontFamily. For example:

<style name="Theme.MyApp" parent="Theme.AppCompat">
    <item name="fontFamily">@font/my_font</item>

Compose does not currently support downloadable fonts, so any font referenced from the theme should from your resources. See here for more information.


AppCompat has no concept of shape theming, therefore we use the default value from MaterialTheme.shapes. If you wish to provide custom values, use the shapes parameter on AppCompatTheme.


There are some known limitations with the implementation at the moment:

  • This relies on your Activity/Context theme extending one of the Theme.AppCompat themes.
  • Variable fonts are not supported in Compose yet, meaning that the value of android:fontVariationSettings are currently ignored.
  • You can modify the resulting MaterialTheme in Compose as required, but this only works in Compose. Any changes you make will not be reflected in the Activity theme.


Maven Central

repositories {

dependencies {
    implementation "<version>"

Library Snapshots

Snapshots of the current development version of this library are available, which track the latest commit. See here for more information on how to use them.


Please contribute! We will gladly review any pull requests. Make sure to read the Contributing page first though.


Copyright 2022 The Android Open Source Project

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
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